Supplication 18: …اللهم أنت ربي

اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لّا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ، وَأَبُوءُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِر لِي فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ

O Allah, You are my Lord, there is none worthy of worship but You. You created me and I am your slave. I keep Your covenant, and my pledge to You so far as I am able. I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done. I admit to Your blessings upon me, and I admit to my misdeeds. Forgive me, for there is none who may forgive sins but You.

To be recited once

Brief Commentary

  • The Prophet (SallaAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) referred to this supplication as “the master of seeking forgiveness”, and he said that whoever says it with certainty in the morning or evening and dies during that morning or evening, he will enter Paradise [1]
  • We begin the supplication by acknowledging Allah as our Lord i.e. acknowledging His authority over us as well as His blessings and bounties upon us
  • As Allah is our Lord, we need to interact with Him in an appropriate manner, therefore we worship Him alone, and affirm this in this supplication by saying that there is none worthy of worship but Him
  • To further reiterate Allah’s Lordship over us, we remind ourselves that He is the one who created us, so we are His slaves and must worship Him as He commands
  • After acknowledging Allah’s superiority over us, we move on to how we are supposed to interact with Him, which is that we try and fulfil our pledge to Him
  • Our pledge to Allah is the pledge we made when we were taken out from the back of Adam (alayhi assalam) as Allah mentions in the Qur’an, {And when your Lord took out the offspring from the loins of the Children of Adam and made them bear witness about themselves, He said, ‘Am I not your Lord?’ and they replied, ‘Yes, we bear witness.’ [2]
  • Allah’s covenant to us is the one mentioned in the hadith narrated by Muadh ibn Jabal, in that Allah will not punish the one who does not associate any partners with Him [3]
  • By highlighting that we will keep our pledge so long as we are able, we acknowledge our weakness and shortcomings towards Allah, as we will never be able to worship Him and thank Him as He truly deserves
  • We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our actions as they could lead us to be punished or to fall deeper into misguidance, and prevent us from doing more good
  • By acknowleging Allah’s blessings over us, we feel more shame to disobey Him, so we admit our sins as a way of asking for repentance in that we acknowledge our mistakes and want to rectify them
  • All of what was mentioned so far in this supplication is just a preparation for the last part, which is to ask Allah for forgiveness

Action Points      

  • Though this supplication is to ask Allah for forgiveness, we only do so at the end, so we learn that the best way of seeking forgiveness is not to immediately ask for it, but prepare yourself mentally by humbling yourself before Allah and strengthening your desire to be forgiven
  • This supplication teaches us how to repent, which is to admit your mistake, intend never to return to it, and ask Allah to forgive it
  • This hadith teaches us the best way of seeking forgiveness, which should include:
    • Acknowledging Allah’s greatness and that He deserves to be worshipped
    • Acknowledging the pledge we made to Allah, which is to take Him as our Lord
    • Hoping for the promise of Allah of allowing us to enter Paradise if we do not associate partners with Him
    • Seeking refuge in Allah from the evil of our sins
    • Acknowledging Allah’s blessings over us
    • Acknowledging our shortcomings towards Allah in terms of sins and not perfecting acts of worship
    • Verbally asking for forgiveness after we have humbled ourselves before Allah and realised our great need for Him and shortcomings towards His rights
  • It is no surprise that the prophet (SallaAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said that whoever says this with certainty will enter Paradise, as whoever says it with certainty is someone who sincerely repents to Allah and Allah will accept the repentance of the sincere person and forgive his sins, therefore this person will enter Paradise!

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  1. Hadith, reported in Sahih Bukhari, hadith number 6306, Tirmidhi, hadith number 3393, and Al-Nasaa’i, hadith number 7963
  2. Al-Qur’an, Surah Al-A’raf [7:172]
  3. Hadith, reported in Sahih Bukhari, hadith number 7373, and Sahih Muslim, hadith number 30

 


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