Hadith 7. Naseeha

On the authority of Abi Ruqayyah Tamim ibn Aws ad-Dariyy (ra) that verily the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The religion is naseeha (good advice)”. The people said: “To whom?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “To Allah and to His book and to His Messenger and to the leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of Muslims.

 

[Reported by Muslim]

 

 

Brief Commentary:

 

 

  • Scholars say this hadith is comprehensive and encompasses the whole religion, just like the hadith of Jibreel (Hadith 2).
  • Some scholars say that if we lost all the rulings of Islam, this hadith would suffice us for a quarter of them due to the many rulings that can be derived from it
  • Ibn Al-Atheer said, “Naseeha is a word which is used to describe a sentence, and that sentence is, ‘Wanting good for the thing you are giving naseeha to’, so it is impossible to explain naseeha in one word”
  • The linguistic meaning of Naseeha is:
    • To purify
    • To gather that which is dispersed
  • We can summarise Naseeha to mean “Wanting good for someone with a sincere heart which is free from any defects/deficiencies and wanting all good for that particular person.
  • Naseeha is one of the great and noble qualities of the prophets (peace be upon them)
  • The companions asked “To whom?” which shows their eagerness to implement the knowledge they learn
  • Naseeha to Allah involves:
    • Purifying our hearts for Allah, which is done by fulfilling His rights to the best way possible, and with ihsan
    • Striving hard in worship, and doing more Sunnah actions
    • Cleaning our minds and thoughts from deviant ideologies
    •  Being sincere in our worship. We love for His sake and hate for His sake
    • Glorifying Allah and His laws and recognising His blessings over us
  • Naseeha to His book involves:
    • Believing in the entire Qur’an and acting upon it
    • Having great love and glorification for it
    • Striving hard to understand it, contemplate over its meanings, and adorn ourselves with the manners it teaches us
    • Be pure when holding it
    • Ensure we read our daily portion of the Qur’an
  • Naseeha to His Messenger (peace be upon him) involves:
    • Believing in him and putting his statement above any other human
    • Having eagerness to know more about him, and study his seerah like we study the Qur’an (This is what the previous generations used to do)
    • Follow his Sunnah
    • Trying to learn more about his manners and emulating them
    • Loving what he loves and hating what he hates
  • Naseeha to the leaders of the Muslims involves:
    • Wanting good for them and for Allah to guide them to the truth
    • Making du’aa for them and wanting the ummah to be united under them
    • Advising them personally and not publicly, and remembering the statement of the scholars, “However you are is however your rulers will be”
    • Showing love and respect for the scholars and not searching for their mistakes and having trust in them. (The scholars are also incorporated in the category “leaders of the Muslims)
  • Naseeha to the common folk of the Muslims involves:
    • Loving for them what we love for ourselves and hating for them what we hate for ourselves
    • Respecting their elders and showing mercy to their youngsters
    • Being happy when they are happy and sad when they are sad
    • Carrying no envy for them in our hearts and wishing good for them

 

 

  • Benefits and action points to take from the hadith:
    • We need to be eager to seek more knowledge and implement what we learn, just as the sahabah were
    • Giving/Having naseeha is an integral part of Islam
    • Study more about Allah
    • Never look down upon or belittle a ruling that has been decided by Allah
    • Never abandon the Qur’an. In the tafsir of [Al-Furqan:30], ibn Kathir said abandoning the Qur’an can be by:
      • Not listening to it
      • Not reading it
      • Not acting upon it
      • Not believing in ALL of its rulings
      • Not contemplating upon its meanings
      • Leaving it for something else e.g. poetry, music etc
    • Never look down upon or belittle a ruling that has been decided by Allah
    • Study the seerah of the prophet (peace be upon him)
    • Send salutations on the prophet (peace be upon him) whenever he is mentioned
    • Improve on our attitude towards our scholars
    • Abu Bakr didn’t supersede everyone by his actions, but because of his love for Allah, and his naseeha to His creation
    • Implement all of what the naseeha to Allah, His book, His Messenger (peace be upon him), the leaders of the Muslims and the common folk of Muslims involves

 

 

2 Comments on “Hadith 7. Naseeha”


  1. […] On the authority of Abi Ruqayyah Tamim ibn Aws ad-Dariyy (ra) that verily the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The religion is naseeha (good advice)”. The people said: “To whom?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: “To Allah and to His book and to His Messenger and to the leaders of the Muslims and to the common folk of Muslims.[Reported by Muslim] Source […]


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