Hadith 23. Good Deeds COMPLETE



On the authority of Abi malik al-Harith ibn Aasim al-Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (sallaAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“Purification is half of faith. The phrase al-Hamdulillah (‘All praise be to Allah’) fills the scale. The phrases Subhanallah (‘High is Allah above every imperfection and need; He is pure and perfect’) and al-Hamdulillah (‘All praise be to Allah’) together fill – or each fill – what is between the heavens and the earth. Prayer is a light. Charity is a proof. Patience is brightness. The Qur’an is either an argument for or against you. And everyone goes in the morning and sells himself,  thereby setting himself free or destroying himself”

Recorded by Muslim


Brief Commentary:

  • Imam Al-Nawawi said this hadith is a great hadith which covers many of the core aspects of this religion
  • Purification mentioned in the hadith can refer to both physical and spiritual purity
  • Our religion is based on removing filth and replacing it with purity, known as the concept of تحلية وتخلية
  • Some scholars have said the purification mentioned in this hadith is in reference to spiritual purification i.e. abstaining from sins and repenting from them
  • Other scholars have interpreted “faith” mentioned in this hadith as Salah due to the verse in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Baqarah [2:143], hence have said that the purification mentioned in the hadith is in reference to physical purification i.e. performing wudhu
  • The outer appearance is a reflection of the inner appearance, hence a believer who is spiritually pure always tries to keep his outer appearance pure by being in a state of wudhu
  • If purification is half of faith, then the reverse understanding is that not being pure is something bad, whether it is physical purity or spiritual purity
  • You can praise someone for their attribute or for what they have done, but alhamd is a combination of both so is a greater form of praise, hence we say alhamdulillah
  • Alhamdulillah is placed strategically in Surah Al-Fatiha because it is placed after we say بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم so we know Allah’s attributes, and after رب العالمين  so we know what He has done for us and justify why we gave Him the highest form of praise, which is to say alhamdulillah
  • There are many ahadith which talk about the scales so we believe in the scales and believe that they are in fact a physical entity that will be present on the day of judgement
  • By saying alhamdulillah fills the scales, it can mean:
    • If the reward of saying it was made into a physical entity, it would fill the scales
    • If alhamdulillah was made into a physical entity, it would fill the scales
    • Alhadmulillah will come as a physical entity on the day of judgement that will fill the scales
  • Subhanallah means to free Allah from any imperfection and need
  • The light that we get from Salah can be interpreted as metaphorical in the sense that it prevents us from obscenity and sins
  • The light that we get from Salah can be interpreted as physical as the believers will get light during the darkness of the day of judgement and this light will be in the areas that they used to wash when performing wudhu
  • It would make sense to interpret it both ways as Salah brings both metaphorical and physical lights
  • It was mentioned that charity is proof, but in the Arabic language, proof also means the rays which emanate from light
  • You cannot have light rays without light, so you cannot have charity without Salah
  • Rays are an indication of light, so charity is an indication of Iman
  • Charity is proof that you love Allah more than you love your wealth as you are parting from that which you love for that whom you love more
  • Brightness is light which emanates from itself and gives warmth
  • Brightness wasn’t mentioned with Salah because it is hard while Salah isn’t hard, but patience is
  • The Moon brings light, while the Sun brings brightness. The moon is very soothing and pleasing to watch, while the Sun harms you. The same is extrapolated for Salah and patience in that Salah is soothing and patience is difficult
  • Allah referred to our laws as light and to Musa’s (alayhisalaam) laws as brightness because their laws were difficult but Allah made our laws easy
  • The prophet (sallaAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) didn’t mention a third group so this means the Qur’an can never be neutral
  • Some of the salaf used to say, “No one sits with the Qur’an then departs from it with no change in himself. He either departs a winner or a loser”
  • Allah referred to the Qur’an as a cure and not as medicine because medicine may not always heal but a cure guarantees remedy from an illness
  • The ummah never reached heights except by pondering upon the Qur’an and not just merely reciting it
  • It is this same Qur’an that lifted the generation of the sahabah. If we take this Qur’an then we will be lifted too as Allah before is still the same as Allah now so will elevate us as He elevated the ones before us
  • The prophet (sallaAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) will be sad on the day of judgement and say {And the messenger said, Oh my Lord: My people have abandoned this Qur’an} [Al-Furqan, 25:30]. Ibn Kathir said abandoning the Qur’an can be by:
    • Not listening to it
    • Not reading it
    • Not acting upon it
    • Not believing in ALL of its rulings
    • Not contemplating upon its meanings
    • Leaving it for something else e.g. poetry, music etc
  • The most grave mistake to fall in is to see the Qur’an as a chore, or feel hardship in reading it
  • The Qur’an is the words of Allah so Allah has actually spoken these very words that we store in our top shelves but not in our hearts
  • It is wrong to study many books and Islamic sciences without constantly reading and pondering upon the Qur’an
  • The one who has the Qur’an in his heart will have a constant reminder and a constant admonition e.g. when he sees a haram, faces a calamity, is given a blessing, etc.
  • The Qur’an will be an intercessor on the day of judgement for the ones who uphold it and its teachings
  • The prophet (sallaAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “The best of you are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it” (Bukhari)
  • The prophet (sallaAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “It will be said to the holder of the Qur’an, Recite and ascend and read like you used to read in the dunya for your status is at the last ayah you recite” (Tirmidhi)
  • From the above hadith we can see that the more you memorise from the Qur’an, the higher you will be placed in Jannah
  • The people of this dunya have been given many things which they long for, but we have been given the Qur’an so that we can long for the akhirah
  • The Qur’an is like a rope with one end of the Qur’an  with Allah and the other end with us so we must hold on to it so that we can be on the right path to reach Allah and not be misguided
  • The last part of the hadith is similar to the statement about the Qur’an in that there is no third category, you either win or lose
  • This makes someone feel in a state of urgency to free himself from the hellfire


Benefits and Action points:

  • This hadith shows the importance of remembrance of Allah
  • Read “Invocation of God” by ibn al-Qayyim to know more about the remembrance of Allah
  • Remember Allah in all 3 possible ways:
    • Praise Allah e.g. SubhanAllah, Alhamdulillah, Allahu akbar
    • Make du’aa
    • Mention His blessings over you and over mankind and remember Him all the time throughout your life knowing that He is with you and watching over you
  • You should give charity to:
    • Free yourself from miserliness
    • Prove to Allah/yourself that He is more beloved to you than yourself
    • Purify your wealth
  • You should have the three reasons above when giving charity to feel its blessings
  • Adhere to all three types of patience:
    • Patience when faced by a calamity
    • Patience in staying away from sins
    • Patience in doing good deeds
  • light, light rays, and brightness are all essentially part of the same thing, so a believer should strive to attain all three
  • Constantly read the Qur’an, even if you find difficulty in reading it for the prophet (sallaAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said, “The proficient ones in reading the Qur’an are with the pure and noble angles, and the ones who read it with difficulty then for them are two rewards” (Bukhari and Muslim)
  • Have  a set portion of the Qur’an to read every day and ensure you read the Qur’an every day without fail
  • Read the Qur’an with full contemplation, otherwise you will have a lock on your heart as Allah says {Do they not ponder upon the Qur’an, or do they have lock on their hearts?} [Muhammad, 47:24]
  • Find a “Qur’an buddy” who reminds you and you remind them to read the Qur’an so that no days pass without you having read a portion of the Qur’an
  • Find a Qur’an teacher to read the Qur’an to so that you can improve on your tajweed and learn from the manners of the people of the Qur’an
  • Teach what you know of the Qur’an to those who do not know it
  • Turn to the Qur’an for an Eeman boost and an admonition as Allah says about the Qur’an {O mankind, you have received from your Lord an admonition and cure for what’s in the heart, and guidance and mercy for the believers} [Yunus, 10:57]
  • Adhere to the meaning of giving Naseeha to the Qur’an as discussed in hadith 7 which included:
    • Believing in the entire Qur’an and acting upon it
    • Having great love and glorification for it
    • Striving hard to understand it, contemplate over its meanings, and adorn ourselves with the manners it teaches us
    • Be pure when holding it
    • Ensure we read our daily portion of the Qur’an

8 thoughts on “Hadith 23. Good Deeds COMPLETE

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